Rath Yatra: World’s largest Chariot Festival

One of India’s greatest religious festivals, the Jagannath Rath Yatra, Puri. The celebration is extraordinary in that three Hindu divine beings are take out from their temples in a vivid parade to meet their enthusiasts.

The greatest of these parades happen in Puri in the eastern province of Orissa, while the other happens in the western territory of Gujarat.


Accepted to be the most seasoned Rath Yatra or chariot parade on the planet, this celebration denotes the yearly stylized parade of Lord Jagannath, his senior sibling Balabhadra and more youthful sister Subhadra, from their home sanctuary to another sanctuary, situated in what is accepted to be their auntie’s home.

This excursion is recorded in undated Hindu Holy Messages known as the Puranas which are accepted to have been composed thousand years back.

Jagannath Rath Yatra History & Significance

Jagannath Rath Yatra is fully dedicated to Lord Jagannath, his elder brother Lord Balabhadra and his sister Goddess Subhadra.

Three distinct sizes of chariots are made for this Rath Yatra which stars from Lord Jagannath Temple in Puri. The chariot of the Lord Jagannath is called “Nandighosh”, the chariot of master Balabhadra is called “Taladvaja”, and the chariot of Goddess Subhadra is called “Padmadhvaja”.

Consistently, lakhs of devotees from over the world take part in the yearly; Rath Yatra Parade. Enthusiasts pull these chariots with the assistance of ropes attached to each chariot.

The annual Rath Yatra parade of Puri starts from the primary temple at Puri brought out onto the Bada Danda (the main road of Puri) and travels around 3km to the Shri Gundicha Temple. Henceforth, Rath Yatra is additionally named as the Shri Gundicha Yatra.

During the celebration, the King Gajapati wears the outfit of a sweeper and sweeps all around the Gods and chariots in the Chera Pahara Manner.

On the 10th day, the gods are brought back on to their individual chariots and the rath is pulled back to the primary sanctuary, this is known as Bahuda Yatra.

The portrayals of Rath Yatra are found numerous Hindu Sacred Writings like- Brahma Purana, Padma Purana, and Skanda Purana. The Rath Yatra represents the King, the Lord Jagannath (Lord Shri Krishna) from Dwarka to meet the occupants of Vrindavan, his birthplace.

Read Also: Rath Yatra

What makes it so Interesting!

This is the main celebration in the world where Gods are removed from Sanctuaries to make a trip to devotees, and it is additionally the biggest chariot parade in the World.

A large number of individuals come to look like a “King” clears the street with a Golden Mop and three huge 18-wheeled chariots bearing the kin divinities clear their path through gigantic crowds.

Their chariots, which are smaller than normal compositional wonders, are built more than 42 days from more than 4,000 bits of wood by the main family that has the innate rights to make them.

Legend says it generally rains upon the arrival of the Parade. For an entire week Prior, the sanctuary entryways are closed and nobody is permitted insides, in light of the fact that it is accepted that the kin divinities have a fever in the wake of washing in the sun with 108 pitchers of water.

The breaking of their fever requires a difference in the scene, which is the reason they go to their auntie’s home for a couple of days. The size, ceremony, and quality of this parade have even contributed to a word the English word reference: Juggernaut.

Why there are two Rath Yatra & their Connection!

Dwarka in Gujarat-

Where Krishna’s half-incinerated body is accepted to have been submerged into the sea- is situated on the west shoreline of India. &

Puri in Orrisa-

Where it is said to have reappeared as a log is situated in the east.

Around 500 years back, a voyaging Hindu Saint and temple priest of a Hanuman Sanctuary in Gujarat, Shree Sarangdasji, showed up in Puri to offer supplications at the memorable Jagannath Temple.

While resting at the temple guest house, it is accepted that he got visionary guidance from the Lord Jagannath to return to Ahmedabad in Gujarat and introduce three symbols of Jagannathan, Balbhadra, and Subhadra there. Doing the directions got in his fantasy, he established the Ahmedabad Jagannathan Temple.

Thusly, he blessed the two areas- one where Krishna’s human remains started their excursion from the west to their change as Puri’s Lord Jagannathan in the east.

Around 142 years prior, one of the founder’s followers, Shree Narsinhdasji Maharaj, started the Ahmedabad Rath Yatra. The divinities on chariots, pulled by elephant and people, duplicate their own excursion in Puri, finishing a lot of ceremonies that bless the two spots where Krishna’s human remains are accepted to have stopped.

What happens to the Chariots & Elephant after the Journey Ends?

Towards the finish of the celebration, the chariots are destroyed and their wood is utilized as a fuel in the temple kitchens- accepted to be the biggest in the world that cook 56 things consistently and feed anyplace between 2,000 to almost 2000,000 individuals.
The elephants are gotten back to the lands managed by the temple trusts to meander aimlessly- until the parade the next year.

A 462-Year-Old Tradition nearly got canceled || 2020

The Supreme Court gave some rules & approval for conducting the yearly Jagannath Rath Yatra this year 2020, which happens in Puri, Odisha. It restricted the celebration to being held distinctly in Puri and joined a couple of tough conditions to how the popular yatra would be directed.

To start with, there can be no huge crowd of public participation. Just 500 individuals were allowed to pull each chariot if they had tried negative for Covid-19.

Second, all passage focuses on Puri must be shut during the yatra and there must be a time limit during the celebration. Moreover, the court said a timespan hour was to be given between the parade of two chariots.

The supreme court seat headed by Chief Justice S.A Bode additionally explained that the celebration, which is spread more than 10-12 days was to happen just in Puri and no other piece of Odisha.

Following the court’s approval, the celebration was started on 23 June 2020.

All About Rath Yatra:

  • Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, & Goddess Subhadra are loved in the sanctum of the famous Jagannath Temple.  They are brought out of the Jagannath Temple consistently every year on the second day of the third Hindu Month of Asadha onto the Bada Danda Road of Puri in three colossal chariots joined by Sudarshana Chakra.
  • The 9 days Rath Yatra, or the Chariot Parade, celebrated this yearly journey of Lord Jagannath and his two siblings from the 12th-century Jagannath Temple to Gundicha Temple, 2.5km away. The Gundicha Temple is their auntie’s home.
  • The rituals for Rath Yatra will start at 3 AM inside the 12th-century Holy Place.
  • The Pahandi custom will start at 7 AM and the gods will board the chariots at the Singha Dwara looking towards the Gundicha Temple by 10 AM. The Chherapahara custom will be held at 11:30 AM. The chariots will be pulled from that point at around 12 PM.
  • The three gods are taken in the huge wooden chariots weighing 85 tons each. In the wake of remaining in Gundicha temple for nine days, the three divinities return to the Jagannath Temple on the tenth day in a bring venture back.
  • The chariot of Lord Jagannath is Nandighosa which is 45.6 feet in height and has 18 wheels. The 45-feet chariot of Lord Balaram accompanies 16 wheels known as Taladhvaja and Devadalana is Goddess Subhadra’s 44.6 feet chariot with 14 wheels.
  • The chariots are assembled each year just from a specific kind of tree.
  • Thousands of devotees pull the chariots to their Mausi Ma temple, the Gundicha Temple. It is viewed as a promising sign and is likewise accepted to bring karma and achievement on the off chance that one gets an opportunity to pull the chariots.
  • The divinities stay at the Gundicha temple for nine days, after which they ride the chariots back to their Jagannath Temple, an excursion as Bahuda Jatra.
  • The chariots in transit backstop at the Mausi Ma temple or home of Lord Jagannath’s Auntie. The divinities are offered Poda Pitha, a unique pancake which said to be the most loved of Lord Jagannath, at the Mausi Ma Temple.
  • In the 425 years of the Rath Yatra, the occasion has been stopped 32 times, generally during attacks.
  • It was not held for the 1st time in 1568 when Kala Pahad false name Kala Chand Roy, a general of Bengal Ruler Suleiman Kirrani, assaulted the temple and plundered the gods.
  • The last time it couldn’t be held was somewhere in the range of 1733 and 1735 when Mohammed Taqi Khan, deputy governor of Odisha, assaulted the Jagannath Temple, forcing the moving of the icons to Ganjam District.


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