The Only Active Volcano In India- Barren island
Located in the Andaman Sea, Barren Island is one of the many islands in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It must be known that it is the only alive volcano in entire South Asia. Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a part of India and is recognized as a Union Territory. People from across the world come to the Andaman Islands and make sure to visit Barren Island before their trip ends. The Barren Island is located at the Northeast territory of Port Blair, which is the capital of the Union Territory.
The Barren Island is located at the edge of the Indian and Burmese Tectonic Plates. The eruptions the occurred in the last 250 years are confined within the active polygenetic cinder cone. The cinder cone was formed be the Pleistocene collapse of a stratovolcano. The maximum elevation of the island is around 353 meters or 1158 feet from the sea level. Most of the volcano lies below the water and the total length stretches for about 2250 meters or 7380 feet.
The first eruption recorded in the Barren Island dates way back to the year 1787. After that, the volcano has erupted for more than 10 times with 1991 being the most severe of all. The volcanic eruption in the year 1991 lasted for around 6 months and is believed as a cause of the reduction in the flora and fauna across the islands. In the year 1993 people from the Geological Survey of India visited the islands and inspected the destruction caused by the eruptions. The team came to the conclusion that out of the 16 Bird Species, only 6 were found to exist and the most affected species was Pied Imperial Pigeon. In the year 2017, the volcano became active again and the presence of bright red lava in Barren Island could be observed in the evenings.
As the eruptions can still be observed in Barren Island, the tourist population has increased over the past few years. If you haven’t seen a real volcano eruption in your life, then visiting Barren Island in the Andaman Sea is a must once in a lifetime. Well, I can assure you that the experience will be unbelievable and one of the most memorable trips in your life.